Inflation slightly curbed by lower fuel prices in South Africa

South Africa’s inflation rate, which hit a record high of 7.8 percent in July, edged down to 7.6
percent in August from a year earlier. This was fuelled by a drop in fuel prices, the country’s
statistics agency (StatsSA) said on Wednesday.
Against a backdrop of record increases in food, transport, and electricity prices, a protest against
high living costs and unemployment brought together thousands of people last month in Pretoria.
“The monthly increase in the consumer price index was 0.2%, the lowest since January 2022,”
StatsSA said in a statement.
“The welcome drop in fuel costs had an impact on the overall transport index, which fell by 1.0%
between July and August,” the agency said. Fuel prices fell 3.8 percent between July and August,
with gasoline down 5.0 percent and diesel down 0.9 percent.
Inflation has reached its highest level in years, if not decades, in many countries, fueled in part
by the war in Ukraine and the economic recovery following the easing of restrictions related to
the global Covid pandemic.
In contrast to fuel, food prices continued to rise in South Africa at 11.3 percent in August from a
year earlier, up from 9.7 percent in July.
Bread and cereals recorded a 3.1% increase between July and August, raising the annual rate
from 13.7% to 17.8%. Cornmeal rose 4.8 percent from July, or 29.1 percent year-over-year.
The annual inflation rate for meat decreased slightly from 9.4 percent in July to 9.2 percent in
August, with a monthly increase of 0.7 percent. Annual meat inflation has remained above 8.0%
since May 2021.
In July, South Africa’s central bank attempted to stabilize inflation by raising its policy rate by 75
basis points to 5.5 percent, the largest increase in a decade.
The institution also revised its estimates for the country’s economic growth downward, expecting
a slowdown to 1.3% in 2023, before a slight rebound to 1.5% in 2024.
After a short recovery that brought the country back to pre-pandemic growth levels, GDP is
down 0.7% in the second quarter compared to the previous one.

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